Monday, 23 July 2018

Hand Foot and mouth disease

Hand Foot and mouth disease

If the many losses, continual injuries, head-scratching mistakes and personnel changes were not enough to completely demoralize the Mets this season, try this latest development: Noah Syndergaard, two starts into his return from a finger injury, is headed back to the disabled list with hand, foot and mouth disease.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFM) is a common viral infection that causes painful red blisters in the mouth and throat, and on the hands, feet, and diaper area.

HFM is contagious and easily spreads to others through contact with unwashed hands, feces (poop), saliva (spit), mucus from the nose, or fluid from the blisters. Kids under age 5 are most at risk for HFM, as infections are common in childcare centers, preschools, and other places where kids are in close quarters.

A common childhood viral infection, hand-foot-and-mouth disease mainly affects children, but can also be contracted by adults of all ages. While it is generally a mild illness, its characteristic symptoms of tiny blisters on the palms of hands and the soles of the feet can be a worrisome sight.

Hand foot and mouth disease pictures

Hand Foot and mouth disease picture
Hand Foot and mouth disease

hand foot and mouth disease pictures
Hand Foot and mouth disease
hand foot and mouth disease pictures
Hand Foot and mouth disease

Causes: Hand Foot and mouth disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses. The enteroviruses called coxsackie virus A16 and enterovirus A71 are the most common causes of HFMD. However, in some cases, other enteroviruses can also cause HFMD.

Hand foot and mouth disease in adults 

A pregnant woman who is infected may show mild or no signs of illness. If she is infected just before her delivery, the infection can be transmitted to the newborn resulting in only a mild illness in the baby. Rarely, multiple-organ infections occur.

How to prevent hand-foot-and-mouth disease

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is a viral infection most common in children and occasionally in adults. It is typically caused by coxsackievirus and enterovirus 71.

Dizziness and feebleness indicate the worsening of HFMD, in which parents should take their children to the doctor as soon as possible.

According to the Centre for Health Protection, 419 cases of HFMD were reported in schools in 2017. Among the 2,156 patients, some developed with serious complications such as viral meningitis, encephalitis, poliomyelitis or other fatal symptoms.

There is no specific treatment but only medications such as antipyretic and painkiller to relieve the symptoms of HFMD. Patients are advised to drink more water and take enough rest for quicker recovery.

The incubation period of HFMD is three to seven days. Symptoms are usually as mild as fever, fatigue, sore throat and loss of appetite. Blisters and ulcers may develop on hands, feet, and mouth after one or two days of fever. The spots are rarely itchy and will resolve on their own seven to 10 days later.

How long does hand foot and mouth disease last

The total duration of illness from HFMD is approximately five to seven days. One to three days after viral invasion of the patient, the first symptoms become evident.

You can get exposed to the viruses that cause hand, foot, and mouth disease through:

  • Close personal contact, such as hugging an infected person.
  • The air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
  • Contact with feces, such as changing diapers of an infected person, then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth before washing your hands.


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